1 Timothy 2:1–15comment (0)
March 7, 2013
By Dale Younce
Related Scripture: 1 Timothy 2:1–15
Explore the Bible
Professor of Christian Ministries, University of Mobile
Please God in Your Worship
1 Timothy 2:1–15
Although Scripture gives no prescribed order of worship, all adults can benefit from a reminder that their worship is to align with biblical guidelines. Today’s lesson identifies appropriate attitudes for believers involved in the corporate worship of the local church.
Pray For Others (1–4)
Paul begins with a statement about the priority of prayer. Paul urged Timothy not to allow the church to minimize prayer. When a local church ceases to depend on prayer, God soon ceases to bless its ministry.
“All men” makes it clear that the church should be praying for the lost. No person on earth is outside the influence of prayer. Special mention is made of those in places of civil authority. Even when we cannot agree with or respect men and women in authority, we are commanded to pray for them.
The purpose of prayer is to get God’s will done on earth. God’s will includes His desire that all men come to the knowledge of the truth through faith in Jesus. We cannot unravel the mystery of God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility; both are taught in the Bible. We do know that we have the responsibility of praying for the lost and telling them the Jesus story.
Teach the Truth (5–7)
The one Mediator between God and man is Jesus Christ. A mediator is a middleman who stands between two and communicates with both. Through Jesus, Himself Man, God offers His forgiveness. In order for Jesus to be the Mediator, He must be both God and Man. The Lord Jesus is God from eternity and He became Man at Bethlehem.
Jesus gave Himself as a ransom for all people. Jesus’ death on the cross was a substitutionary death for everyone. Although Jesus’ death is efficient only for those who trust Him, it is sufficient for the sins of the whole world.
Behave in Worship (8–15)
Paul gives three essentials for effective praying by both men and women. (1) “Holy hands” refers to a holy life. (2) “Without anger” refers to someone who is not a troublemaker. (3) “Argument” refers to open disagreements. Christians must learn to disagree without being disagreeable.
Concerning a woman’s role in public worship, believing women are to dress modestly. Paul is not prohibiting women from neatness and good taste. He is forbidding dressing ostentatiously or provocatively while engaged in public worship. He emphasizes a godly woman’s inner life, adorning herself with Christian character and Christian service (“good works”).
Paul is not saying that women have no right to minister and pray in public like men. He is aware of what he has previously taught in Corinth; his exhortation of silence did not prohibit women from speaking in public worship (1 Cor. 11:5). Paul is saying here that women are not to teach men authoritatively; they are not the final authority in the church as to doctrine or teaching.
Paul gives two reasons for his instruction. First is the order of creation. Adam was formed first, then Eve. Second, the woman was deceived and thereby fell into transgression. Eve’s sin was primarily that of reaching a theological conclusion without the counsel of her husband. Ultimately, the responsibility for the fall rests with Adam, since he chose to disobey God without being deceived.
Verse 15 has generated a host of various interpretations. Paul is not saying that women are eternally saved from sin through childbearing or that they maintain their salvation by having babies, both of which contradict the biblical teaching of salvation by grace through faith in Christ, sustained forever by grace. The grammar of the verse helps interpret it. The verb “will save” is a future tense with a plural pronoun “they” as its subject. Paul is talking about women after Eve. The word “saved” means “to be preserved.” Paul is saying, as a general principle, women have a unique responsibility and opportunity, through childbearing, to lead, teach and direct many in the human race out of sin and into godliness.